Hot-Blooded Horse Breeds

Jessica McDaniel
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Hot Blooded Horses Breeds

All animals have a unique body temperature, based on their metabolism that regulates how fast they burn energy. Arguably the horse is one of the most popular breeds in the United States, and they are also used for work. They are of average size and are quick in their movement. The horses are very famous for their speed that combines with strength and intelligence.

Today we get to talk about the hot-blooded horses, so let’s discover more about their characteristics.

Hot-blooded Horses:

The horses have a high energy level and a body temperature that’s higher than the average mammal. This gives them an incredible stamina combined with strength, which is why they are often used for racing.

Some of their most important characteristics are:

  • They are very fast
  • They have a high endurance
  • They are able to work for a long period of time
  • They are able to tolerate environments with high temperatures better than many other breeds
  • They have a good biological capacity
  • They have a good sense of balance
  • They are not easily intimidated when dealing with factors that can threaten their well-being
  • They are hard-working

Hot Blooded Horse:

Among the most popular hot blooded horses there are stallions such as Texas Secretariat, who became winner of the Triple Crown and Affirmed who was born in California and won the Breeder Cup Classic.


Thoroughbreds are a hot-blooded breed of horse which originates in England and were originally known as “The Running Horses.” When the first race was run in England in 1511, the winners were called thoroughbreds. They are flexible and nimble, but at the same time have the ability to be very powerful.

A standard thoroughbred stallion reaches his peak between 25-30 years.

Experts believe that the thoroughbreds that galloped in the English countryside found safety in the wind when escaping their predators known as Man O’ War. This enabled these horses to be great sprinters and long distance runners.

Thoroughbreds are well known by their large, air-filled nostrils. This is what gives them superior breathing capacity and what allows them to run at high speeds for long periods of time.

Thoroughbreds have a long history in breeding; the pedigree goes back to the 1700s. They are a solid, deep-coloured, compact horse that has well-defined hind quarters and a long neck.

The image of the black and white spotted thoroughbred has been used time and again as a symbol of excellence and beauty.

The first horse to win a Triple Crown was named “Affectionately” and he did so unofficially.

Hot Blooded Horses, Arabian

Since horses were domesticated by humans, they have been bred for many purposes. Some horses were bred to carry humans into battle while others were bred to plow fields and pull carts. Today, most horses are bred for companionship and sports such as horse racing and jumping.

The size and weight of a horse determine its category. Horses that are bred to be used as workhorse, for carrying heavy loads, called draft horses, tend to be larger and heavier than other horse types. On the other end of the spectrum, small horse breeds are typically used for transportation and recreation.

Larger horses have a larger body mass, which results in a larger liver, skeletal muscles, and heart. A larger muscle mass, compared to a smaller horse, means that the horse's muscles will use oxygen at a faster rate as it moves. The increase in oxygen needed by the muscles results in a higher rate of breathing and heart rate.

Smaller horses have a lower need for oxygen due to their smaller muscle mass. As a result, a smaller horse has a lower rate of breathing and a slower heart rate.

So, according to this definition, horses that are classified as hot-blooded are those with a larger body mass and higher metabolic rate.

Hot Blooded Horses, Akhal-Teke

Horses are known to be hot-blooded and to react in ways that seem to us humans as animated and active. Some breeds exhibit this more than others. It's not always the fastest horses who are the hottest-blooded of them all, and this can have its disadvantages as well as advantages.


The Przewalski's horse, which is a cold-blooded animal, was specially developed in China by the Qing Dynasty government in the 20th century for military purposes. The government purchased several male and female wild horses from Mongolia and other scattered populations in different locations to try to bring them to the wild land of Xinjiang Province with the intention of using them to develop more horses for riding and military purposes.

However, a lot of problems occurred during the transportation of the horses to Xinjiang, with the vast majority of the horses dying during the long journey. After arriving at the breeding ground, the horses began mating with the local wild horses to produce a few foals. They died off due to heavy predation and harsh environmental conditions, but later, a few horses were bred between a male Przewalski's horse and a female horse. A few more horses were bred in similar conditions in Xinjiang, with a similar result. In the 1960s, a few of these wild males were caught in Mongolia on the northern border of China, and they were bred with the female horses. A few horses died in the process, but the ones that didn't die were preserved as samples.


Horses show a variety of behaviors according to what they are being bred for. The hot-blooded breeds demonstrate different traits than the cold-blooded breeds. Common traits in almost all horses are their ability to adapt to different environments, their friendly nature and their gentleness.

As you may know, different countries have different laws and the definitions for different breeds vary, as well. However, in the horse industry the following definitions are usually followed:

A cold-blooded breed is a breed that can stand high temperatures and is from hot climates. The most cold-blooded breeds can cope with temperatures as high as 50 degrees Celsius.

A hot-blooded breed is a breed that can stand little or no temperatures and is from cold climates. The most hot-blooded breeds can cope with temperatures as low as -5 degrees Celsius.