Horse Bit Severity Guide

Jessica McDaniel
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Why Are There So Many Options about Horse Bit Guide?

A Guide for Beginners: what is right, what is best, what to go for!!!

You certainly would not like to get yourself entangled in this question yourself.

You must be going through lots of search engines to figure out as to: "Which bit is suitable for my horse?" If you are really interested in buying one for yourself, you must have been looking for the bits that are used in the races. It is one of the most popular types of funds. If you are a beginner in horse riding, you might have to go through a number of hits to find the right infomation on bits.

This article will give you a comprehensive guideline on choosing the right bit based on the needs, characteristics, and quality of your horse as well as your own.

This article is very important for the beginners to acquaint themselves with the diverse sorts of bits on the market, their uses and how to judge them. There is a variety of kinds of bits for the horses.

Even though, it is meant for the beginners, the experienced riders can also use this article as a guide to check that what they are buying is of high quality.

Short bits are for the horses that need the training as the length should not be more the two inches.

Hash Hook bits exert a pressure on the tongue. Although, they are light in weight but they produce the maximum pressure on the tongue of the horse.

Horse Bit Guide: Snaffle Bits

Curb Bits, and Gag Bits.

Snaffle Bits Horse bits can be purchased in a variety of different sizes and shapes, such as; Herm Sprenger, MDC, Cavesson, and Pelham. They are made of thin straps of metal that are joined by rings. The thin metal straps are meant to rest comfortably in a horse’s mouth without applying too much pressure.

The biggest difference between snaffle bits is the size and bitting of the mouth piece. It can be adjusted according to the horse’s mouth. Pinch is measured in the EPD system and has typically fallen between 6 to 10. When choosing the right snaffle bit for your horse, you need to consider its age, weight, and the pressure you want to apply to your horse’s mouth.

Curb Bits Curb bits are often used for training young horses. They have a sharp end that pinches the horse’s mouth. The other end will rest against the lips and curb chain, depending on the design of the curb bit. A curb bit is considered severe because when the curb chain is pulled, it will pinch the curb plate against the horse’s palate making the horse respond.

Horse Bit Guide: Curb Bits

Curb Chain, Pelhams, Fig Mouth & The Snaffle.

When you start riding you are taught to ride with a simple snaffle bit. It's the most basic and most commonly used type of bit.

However, the snaffle bit is not the most common type of bit for everyone.

The use of other types of bits tends to increase as you go up in levels of skill. Curb bits, French bits, and Pelham bits are the most common types of bits that you may encounter.

While there are many varieties of bits, an understanding of the basic bits and their drawbacks, will be helpful and will help you avoid the misuse of these bits.

Disciplining a horse with a bit excessively or using a bit that is too severe for the horse may result in physical harm for the horse, such as mouth wounds and pressure sores.

Fortunately, if you have applied horse whip carefully, the pain of the vibrations could reasonable hurt this brave and gentle animal.

Types of Bits & Their Uses

Curb Bits:

Curb bits have control that comes from both the tongue and the rein. Some of the variations that are available have leverage that allows for a lot of control. Curb bits are not recommended for beginners, as a lack of experience may cause injuries to the horse.

Pelham Bits:

Pelham Bits

This bit is similar to a flexible snaffle bit. The Pelham is attached to the bridle by two metal rings, positioned horizontally on either side of the cheekpiece and a single strap attached to the bit with a vertical web.

The tongue is pulled into the mouth against the roof of the mouth and the bit restrains the jaw and tongue movement, thus limiting the opening of the mouth.

The cheekpieces are usually abbreviated and fixed. It seldom carries any joint or bearing and is often used on quieter, more responsive horses.

The overall conformation of the Pelham is such that there there is no specific leverage point. Instead of a single pivot point, the bit works from multiple points along the tongue, palate, lips and jaw.

The bridle is attached at a joint at the cheekpieces and this joint allows significant movement in the direction of rotation of the head.

Tongue and lip pressure are primary in this bit and it can cause distress to the tongue and palate. It is not recommended for horses that toss their heads or pull at the reins.

Horse Bit Guide: Gag Bits

Gag bits have small mouthpieces that rub against the horse’s tongue and bar, preventing the horse from getting a hold on the bit and controlling the bit in any way. The weight of the shanks and the curve of gag bits force them into the mouth, ensuring that contact with the tongue and bar is constant.

The severity of this style of bit depends on the design of the gag and the style of bar. Straight bars are the most severe style with the curved bars being more mild.

Gag bits are the most severe discipline bits because of the constant pressure on the horse’s bar and tongue regardless of how hard or soft the rider pulls. If you are a beginner and looking to purchase a gag bit for your horse, I would recommend the Watson Pony gag. The bar, although fairly mild, is longer and curved more than a more severe bar. The mouthpiece is small and will not rub or pinch the horse’s mouth.


That’s how much information you can handle for one sitting, at least about certain types of horse bits and their severity.

Don’t go overboard. You don’t need to know everything about horse bits as soon as possible.

I suggest you take a reading break if you have been on this horse bit guide for an hour or two.

Then continue the reading the next day.

Don’t forget to take notes.

You can take notes using an index card or on the computer. Most notes will come in the form of questions, so you’ll need to create a list of questions to answer as you learn more about horse bits, e.g.

In your notes, you’ll probably have a list of questions you want to find the answers to as you learn more about the topic.

Later, once you have studied the topic and gotten answers to your questions, you’ll have a course plan for the topic, which you can use to guide your future studying and your learning rate.